Create archives and extract archive files with tar and gzip command in Linux
Archive files or directories
tar -cvf backup.tar /etc
This command creates an archive file named backup.tar, which is an archive of the /etc directory.
tar -xvf backup.tar
tar -tvf backup.tar
Gzip is a command often used in Linux systems to compress and decompress files. It is convenient and easy to use.
Compress each file in the /home directory into a .gz file
cd /home gzip *
Extract each compressed file in /home directory and list detailed information
gzip -dv *
gzip -l *